Country profile: Germany

Summary figures for 2015

The following information is from the NEA publication Nuclear Energy Data, the annual compilation of official statistics and country reports on nuclear energy in OECD member countries.

Number of nuclear power plants connected to the grid
Nuclear electricity generation
(net TWh) 2015
Nuclear percentage of total electricity supply
OECD Europe
OECD Total
1 878.7
NEA Total
2 073.9

* Preliminary data

Country report

Nuclear waste management

In August 2015, Germany submitted its programme for the responsible and safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste (national programme) to the European Commission as required by EU Council Directive 2011/70/EURATOM. The national programme contains a programmatic overview of the German waste management policy, including the Inventory of Radioactive Waste (current inventory and prediction). The full text of the national programme is provided online at

Germany's national programme foresees two disposal facilities. The Konrad disposal facility, which is in the process of being constructed, has a plan approval to take in up to 303 000 m³ of radioactive waste with negligible heat generation, originating predominantly from the dismantling of nuclear power plants. In addition, a repository for heat generating radioactive waste in particular is to be erected at a site yet to be identified.

Therefore, the German parliament's Commission on Storage of High-Level Radioactive Waste (thereafter "the commission")was set up pursuant to Section 3 of the Site Selection Act. The act prescribes an open-ended and unbiased site selection process, starting from a "blank map" of Germany. The goal is to find a disposal site on the German territory for domestic, and in particular high-level, radioactive waste that shall assure the best possible safety for a period of one million years in a science-based and transparent process.

The commission's members represent various groups, including scientists, representatives of civil society, members of the German Bundestag and members of Länder governments. The commission took up its work in the summer of 2014. Its task is to evaluate the site selection act and to review the criteria and the procedure to be pursued in choosing a site for disposal.

Throughout its work, the commission has put special emphasis on the transparency of their work by, among other things, holding public meetings, publishing the documents used, and giving the public the opportunity to comment on draft versions of their final report online. With this report, the commission is required to submit its findings to the German Bundestag by mid-2016.

Source: Nuclear Energy Data 2016

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Last reviewed: 21 December 2016