Country profile: Hungary

Summary figures for 2015

The following information is from the NEA publication Nuclear Energy Data, the annual compilation of official statistics and country reports on nuclear energy in OECD member countries.

Number of nuclear power plants connected to the grid
Nuclear electricity generation
(net TWh) 2015
Nuclear percentage of total electricity supply
OECD Europe
OECD Total
1 878.7
NEA Total
2 073.9

Country report

The National Energy Strategy adopted in October 2011 considers nuclear energy as a crucial element in the national electricity production in the long term. The maintenance of nuclear energy is carried out on many different levels and in various aspects by the entire nuclear sector.

International agreements

In 2015, Hungary signed several co-operation agreements in the field of the peaceful uses of nuclear energy in the area of education and training as well as research and development.

In February 2015, the respective ministries of Hungary and Turkey signed a memorandum of understanding on education, training, research and development in the nuclear industry. Similarly, in May 2015, the respective ministries of Hungary and the People's Republic of China signed a memorandum of understanding on nuclear energy co-operation, including education and training, research and development and knowledge exchange. In December 2015, an intergovernmental agreement for co-operation on the peaceful uses of atomic energy between Hungary and Saudi Arabia was signed.

Radioactive waste management

In accordance with the Council Directive 2011/70/Euratom adopted on 19 July 2011, the Hungarian government has elaborated its National Policy and National Programme on spent fuel and radioactive waste management. The National Policy on radioactive management was approved by the parliament in April 2015 and is in line with the relevant international recommendations, EU requirements, as well as national laws and regulatory procedures on spent fuel and radioactive waste.

The National Programme – as a roadmap – contains the practical and specific technical solutions of carrying out the goals and principles laid out in the National Policy. The National Programme's strategic environmental assessment is currently ongoing. In Hungary, the Public Limited Company for Radioactive Waste Management (PURAM) is the body responsible for radioactive waste management.

Nuclear power plant

In 2015, 15 834.4 GWh of electric energy was generated by the four units of MVM Paks Nuclear Power Plant Ltd, which represents 52.7% of the gross domestic electricity production of Hungary. This amount was generated by four units as follows: unit 1 generated 3 624.3 GWh, unit 2: 4 116.0 GWh, unit 3: 4 023.5 GWh and unit 4: 4 070.6 GWh.

As for the energy produced in 2015, the nuclear power plant achieved its largest production to date, surpassing the previous record of 15 793.0 GWh achieved in 2012. The total of all electricity that has been generated by the Paks NPP since the date of the first connection of unit 1 to the grid was higher than 429.4 TWh as of the end of 2015.

The preparations for the extension of the service life (30 years) of unit 3 of Paks nuclear power plant by a further 20 years continued in 2015. The application for the service life extension of unit 3 was submitted to the nuclear regulator on 11 December 2015. The valid operation licence expires on 31 December 2016.

In December 2015, the Hungarian Atomic Energy Authority authorised the introduction of a new type of fuel assembly, allowing for a 15-month fuel replacement cycle at units 1-4 of the Paks nuclear power plant.

In compliance with the request of the European Commission (EC), the so-called stress test, i.e. the targeted safety review of Paks nuclear power plant took place in 2011. According to the report issued by the power plant, the units of the nuclear power plant all comply with the internationally accepted requirements specified by the national authorities, including the criteria of protection against the potential impacts of internal and external events. It was concluded by experts during the independent international expert review of the final report of the targeted safety review, ordered by the European Union in spring 2012, that the Hungarian review was adequately thoroughgoing. The implementation of the remaining part of the safety enhancement measures resulting from the targeted safety review went on in 2015.

Prior to the partner review to be held by the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO) in February-March 2016, a pre-visit to the site in Paks took place during 9-12 November 2015. In 2015, MVM Paks Nuclear Power Plant Ltd celebrated the 40th anniversary of the company's creation and foundation stone-laying.

Source: Nuclear Energy Data 2016

Last reviewed: 21 December 2016