Country profile: Poland

Summary figures for 2015

The following information is from the NEA publication Nuclear Energy Data, the annual compilation of official statistics and country reports on nuclear energy in OECD member countries.

Number of nuclear power plants connected to the grid
Nuclear electricity generation
(net TWh) 2015
Nuclear percentage of total electricity supply
OECD Europe
OECD Total
1 878.7
NEA Total
2 073.9

Country report

There is no commercial utilisation of nuclear power in Poland to date. The research reactor Maria, also used for production of medical radioisotopes and operated in Swierk (National Centre for Nuclear Research), is the only operating nuclear facility in the country.

The legal framework for the development of nuclear power in Poland was established in:

The Polish Nuclear Power Programme, adopted in January 2014 by the Council of Ministers, is a strategic document which presents the roles and responsibilities of the institutions responsible for the implementation of the programme, as well as issues related to nuclear safety and radiological protection. It includes a detailed scope of activities to be taken for the safe use of nuclear power in Poland and sets a timetable for the construction of two nuclear power plants (NPPs) and the preparation of regulatory and organisational infrastructure for these investments. The programme envisages the construction of two nuclear power plants with combined capacity of 6 000 MWe (net), producing ¬†about 50 TWh of electricity per year, which will translate into annual savings in the range of at least 36 million tonnes of CO2 and ¬†24% of the current CO2 annual emission level in the Polish electricity generation sector.

Implementation of the Polish nuclear programme assumes that, by the end of 2016, a location is determined and a contract on the technology is chosen for the first nuclear power plant.

The next step should be the development of the technical design of the plant by 2018 and securing required legal decisions. Stage IV specifies that construction and connection to the grid of the first unit of the first nuclear power plant will be completed by the end of 2024 and that construction of consecutive units will be underway. The fifth and final stage (2025-2030) provides for the continuation and launching of construction of a second nuclear power plant, as well as the completion of the first nuclear power plant. The completion of the second NPP is scheduled for 2035. Responsibility for the plant's construction rests with PGE EJ 1 Sp. z o.o., which belongs to PGE Capital Group. The company is responsible for direct investment preparations, site characterisation work and receipt of all relevant decisions, licences and permits required for NPP construction in Poland.

PGE EJ 1 Sp. z o.o. identified three candidate sites, all located in the proximity of the Baltic coast and is conducting site surveys in two locations.

On 11 September 2014, PGE EJ 1 Sp. z o.o. concluded an agreement with AMEC Nuclear UK Ltd to provide technical advisory services for the investment process aimed at the construction of the first Polish NPP of approximately 3 000 MW capacity.

Launching of an integrated tender for a technology supplier is expected in the first half of 2016. It will be a single procedure combining all key elements of the project, including the provision of support services covering operation and maintenance, fuel supply and the provision of debt financing.

On 16 October 2015, the Council of Ministers adopted a National Plan for radioactive waste and spent fuel management. The existing national low- and medium-level radioactive waste repository is expected to be full in 2025, and thus Poland has to find a new site for the new repository. The process of site selection is ongoing and should be completed in 2017. In 2018-2020, the design and all permits should be obtained, allowing the repository to begin operation by 2024.

Source: Nuclear Energy Data 2016

Web links

National Atomic Energy Agency (Panstwowa Agencja Atomistyki – NAEA)
Nuclear legislation in OECD countries: Poland 
National Centre for Nuclear Research – NCBJ

Last reviewed: 21 December 2016