Country profile: Russian Federation

Summary figures for 2015

Number of nuclear power plants connected to the grid
Nuclear electricity generation
(net TWh) 2015
Nuclear percentage of total electricity supply
OECD Total
1 878.7
NEA Total
2 073.9

Country report

After the start of commercial operation of the Rostov nuclear power plant (NPP) unit 3, the installed capacity of Russian NPPs reached 26 242 MW. In 2015, Russian NPPs generated a record amount of energy – 195.2 billion kWh, accounting for 18.6% of the total electricity production.

The performance improvement was largely due to an optimisation of the repair campaign, a reduction of time frames of scheduled repair and the operation of VVER-type reactors at an increased capacity level. The programme for restoration of service life characteristics of power units with RMBK reactors is also being implemented successfully.

Currently, there are eight nuclear power units under construction in Russia. Companies within the Rosatom State Corporation Group are implementing joint projects for NPP construction in Bangladesh, Belarus, China, Finland, Hungary, India, Iran, Turkey and Viet Nam.

On 10 November 2015, the power start-up and capacity attainment stage began at unit 4 of the Beloyarsk NPP with BN-800 reactor.

The construction of floating NPP Akademik Lomonosov is ongoing. The Baltic Shipyard plans to hand the unit over to Rosenergoatom in September 2017. The commissioning date of the floating NPP is synchronised with the decommissioning of the Bilibino NPP in Chukotka (2019-2021).

ZIO-Podolsk JSC is manufacturing two RITM-200 reactors with a thermal capacity of 175 MW each for the first-of-a-kind icebreaker "Arktika" (under construction at the Baltic Shipyard, Saint Petersburg).

Rostekhnadzor granted the licence for operation of unit 2 of the Smolensk NPP beyond the design service life for another 15 years. The unit had undergone significant reconstruction, including replacement of the equipment that reached the end of its operating life and process channels, modernisation of special systems and reinforcement of structures at hot sites.

Rosenergoatom is preparing for the decommissioning of units 1 and 2 of the Novovoronezh NPP. Starting from October 2015, the operation licences of these units are no longer valid. Activities at these power units are carried out under the decommissioning licences.

In 2015, a number of federal rules and regulations on the disposal of radioactive waste, regular safety assessment of research nuclear plants, probabilistic safety analysis of a nuclear power plant and other aspects of peaceful use of nuclear energy entered into force.

The federal Law No. 162-FZ on standardisation in Russia came into force in June 2015. The document stipulates authorities and functions of Rosatom State Corporation in the area of standardisation. In addition to that, it defines the standardisation procedure regarding products relevant to ensuring safety in the nuclear energy sector, as well as processes and other standardised items related to such products.

Source: Nuclear Energy Data 2016

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Last reviewed: 21 December 2016