<![CDATA[NEA publications]]> /tools/publication Tue, 08 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Tue, 08 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0200 contact@oecd-nea.org (OECD Nuclear Energy Agency) Copyright 2020 OECD/NEA /tools/images/nea.jpg <![CDATA[NEA publications]]> /tools/publication NEA Framework en-gb http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 1440 <![CDATA[Storage of Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7406 7406
This report examines the predisposal phase of radioactive waste management programmes in NEA member countries for all types of waste from high-level to intermediate- and low-level waste, and spent fuel. It reviews regulations, policies, strategies and financial issues in member countries, as well as best practices both in terms of storage and transport. The report is primarily directed at decision makers with a technical knowledge of the subject.]]>
Tue, 08 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[International Roundtable on the Final Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel: Summary Report]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7529 7529 The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry of Japan, the United States Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy and the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency co-organised a forum for discussion with the aim of developing a strategy for addressing this challenge through international co-operation. At the International Roundtable meetings, policymakers from 15 countries and the International Atomic Energy Agency gathered and shared knowledge about public understanding and technological development related to final disposal.
This report is a summary of the discussions held and experiences shared during the two sessions of the International Roundtable on Final Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel, held on 14 October 2019 and 7 February 2020 in Paris, France.]]>
Tue, 04 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Bulletin de droit nucléaire n°100 – Volume 1/2018]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7370 7370
Ce numéro inclut notamment les articles suivants : « Les litiges relatifs à l’exploitation de réacteurs nucléaires au Japon” ; Le droit nucléaire vu de l’intérieur : réflexions sur l’élaboration des conventions sur la sûreté » ; « Le Programme nucléaire pacifique des Émirats arabes unis : contexte et histoire ».]]>
Wed, 08 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Unlocking Reductions in the Construction Costs of Nuclear]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7530 7530
This study assesses the policy and governance frameworks needed to drive positive learning and continuous industrial performance for nuclear new build. The study also explores the risk allocation and mitigation priorities needed to define adequate financing schemes for these projects. In the longer-term, it identifies cost reduction opportunities associated with the harmonisation of code and standards and licensing regimes and new innovative designs (i.e. small modular reactors and advanced reactors).]]>
Thu, 02 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Management and Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Waste: Global Progress and Solutions]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7532 7532
The government of each country has the absolute right and responsibility to implement the energy and environmental policies it believes are best. In the case of the disposal of radioactive waste, it is paramount that these debates should be informed by objective facts. This report therefore aims to provide the general reader with the current state of knowledge with regards to the management of high level radioactive waste in DGRs.]]>
Mon, 29 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Insights from Leaders in Nuclear Energy: Innovative Leadership]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7528 7528
William D. Magwood IV, Director-General of the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), sat down with Rumina Velshi, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, on 17 January 2020. Ms Velshi has extensive experience in the energy sector, including its technical, regulatory and adjudicatory aspects. She visited the NEA to attend briefings on key programmes and activities and to have an open discussion on issues related to leadership in today’s nuclear energy sector. In a wide-ranging discussion, she shared her perspectives as a leader in nuclear safety, her long-standing involvement in nuclear energy regulation and her activities promoting careers in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). The conversation covered the important aspects of leadership, current issues affecting an organisation that promotes nuclear safety, preparation for future nuclear energy technologies and the achievement of a better gender balance in the workforce.]]>
Fri, 29 May 2020 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Specifications for the Generalised Nuclear Database Structure (GNDS)]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7519 7519 The ability to use increasingly high-fidelity nuclear physics, coupled to accurate uncertainties, is crucial for advanced simulations. This in turn requires more detailed and accurate data, then requiring improvements to the data storage standards, simultaneously enabling robust Quality Assurance and transfer of knowledge to the next generation.
In 2013, the NEA Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation (WPEC) launched a project to review the requirements for an international replacement for ENDF-6. The recommendations prompted the creation of a new Expert Group on a Generalised Nuclear Data Structure (GNDS) in 2016 that has used these requirements as the framework for a new format specification. Following rigorous international review, version 1.9 was unanimously approved as the first official published format.]]>
Mon, 25 May 2020 00:00:00 +0200
<![CDATA[Occupational Exposures at Nuclear Power Plants (2017)]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7510 7510 As of 31 December 2017, the ISOE programme included 76 participating utilities in 31 countries (346 operating units; 55 shutdown units; 8 units under construction), as well as 28 regulatory authorities in 26 countries. The ISOE database includes occupational exposure information for over 489 units, covering over 85% of the world’s operating commercial power reactors. This report includes global occupational exposure data and analysis collected in 2017, information on the programme events and achievements as well as principal events in participating countries.]]> Wed, 13 May 2020 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[NEA 2019 Annual Report]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7517 7517 Tue, 12 May 2020 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Rapport annuel de l'AEN 2019]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7518 7518 Tue, 12 May 2020 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Legal Frameworks for Long-Term Operation of Nuclear Power Reactors: Synthèse]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7523 7523 Thu, 30 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Nuclear Power Plant Operating Experience 2015-2017]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7482 7482 Tue, 21 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Nuclear Law Bulletin No. 103 – Volume 2/2019]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7502 7502 Feature articles and studies in this issue include: “A perspective on key legal considerations for performance-based regulating” and “Technology-neutral licensing of advanced reactors: Evaluating the past and present NRC framework”.]]> Fri, 27 Mar 2020 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[Thermal Scattering Law S(α,β): Measurement, Evaluation and Application]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7511 7511 This report reviews progress made by the NEA Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation (WPEC) Subgroup on Thermal Scattering Kernel Measurement, Evaluation and Application, which brought together a full spectrum of relevant experts to advance the state of the art in thermal scattering law data. The collaboration resulted in 33 new material evaluations, including uranium nitride (UN), silicon carbide (SiC), silicon oxide (SiO2) and aluminium oxide (Al2O3), as well as the re-evaluation of critical materials such as water (H2O) and heavy water (D2O), and enhanced evaluations of “nuclear” graphite at multiple levels of porosity and of phase Ih ice. Nuclear data libraries have adopted these data for their most recent releases – including the new Evaluated Nuclear Data File (American) and Joint Evaluated Fission and Fusion (NEA Data Bank) – which are being used around the world as international standards.]]> Wed, 26 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[NEA News 37.2]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7465 7465 Tue, 25 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[Chemical Thermodynamics of Iron – Part 2]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7499 7499 Fri, 21 Feb 2020 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[Nuclear Energy Data 2019]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7474 7474
Les Données sur l’énergie nucléaire, compilation annuelle de statistiques et de rapports nationaux préparée par l’Agence de l’OCDE pour l’énergie nucléaire, présentent la situation de l’énergie nucléaire dans les pays membres de l’AEN et dans la zone de l’OCDE. Les informations communiquées par les gouvernements comprennent des statistiques sur la production d’électricité totale et nucléaire, les capacités et les besoins du cycle du combustible et, lorsqu’elles sont disponibles, des projections jusqu’en 2040. Les rapports nationaux présentent brièvement les politiques énergétiques, la situation des programmes électronucléaires et ceux du cycle du combustible. En 2018, l’énergie nucléaire a continué de fournir des quantités importantes d’électricité en base faiblement carbonée, et ce dans un contexte de forte concurrence avec les combustibles fossiles bon marché et les énergies renouvelables. Les pays décidés à inclure ou conserver le nucléaire dans leur bouquet énergétique ont poursuivi leurs projets de déploiement ou d’augmentation de leur puissance nucléaire installée. Ainsi, des projets de construction progressent en Finlande, en Hongrie, au Royaume-Uni et en Turquie.]]>
Mon, 16 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Challenges in Nuclear and Radiological Legacy Management]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7419 7419 This report provides information on the challenges and lessons learnt in legacy management and regulation based on practical experience documented in 13 case studies and site visits conducted by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency. A preliminary framework for a stepwise process to help reach an accepted and sustainable end-state is proposed based on this experience. The complex challenges and interactions among stakeholders in progressing in a harmonised, step-by-step manner are also examined in depth. The report concludes with recommendations for future international collaborative work to improve and test the preliminary framework, and to examine and address the complexity of the relevant interactions.]]> Mon, 16 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[Preservation of Records, Knowledge and Memory across Generations: Final Report]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7421 7421 this issue was developed, as well as a specific methodology to address it. The RK&M preservation toolbox, for example, offers a menu with 35 different preservation mechanisms and guidelines on how to combine and implement them.

This report may be used as a general guide to the RK&M preservation topic. It presents a historical review, addresses ethical considerations, analyses the fundamentals of RK&M preservation, outlines various mechanisms and indicates how to develop these mechanisms into a systemic RK&M preservation strategy. The report aims to inspire and assist a variety of actors so that they can discuss and develop national and repository-specific RK&M preservation strategies.]]>
Fri, 13 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[NEA International Mentoring Workshop in Fukushima, August 2019]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7514 7514 Fri, 13 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments – 2019]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7496 7496 The 2019 edition of the International Handbook of Evaluated Reactor Physics Benchmark Experiments contains data from 166 experimental series that were performed at 56 nuclear facilities. A total of 162 of the 166 evaluations are published as approved benchmarks. The remaining four evaluations are published as draft documents only.
The cover of the handbook shows the graphite structural material from the Molten-Salt Reactor Experiment (MSRE) performed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), United States. Newly evaluated measurements from MSRE have been added to this edition of the handbook.
The 2019 edition is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1787/8d549c0f-en.]]>
Mon, 02 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Country Specific Safety Culture Forum - Finland]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7488 7488 Practical experience has nevertheless shown that there are important differences in how people work together and communicate across borders. People’s behaviours, attitudes and values do not stop at the gate of a nuclear installation, and awareness of the systemic nature of culture and its deeper aspects, such as the dynamics of how values and assumptions influence behaviours, continues to evolve.
The Country Specific Safety Culture Forum was created to gain a better understanding of how a national context relates to safety culture and how operators and regulators should think about these effects in their day-to-day activities, with the goal to ensure safe nuclear operations. The second NEA safety culture forum – a collaborative effort between the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO) and the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority in Finland (STUK) – was held in Finland in March 2019. This report outlines the process used to conduct the forum, reveals its findings and hopes to inspire the nuclear community to further reflect and take action.]]>
Fri, 29 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[核电站工作管理——NEA辐射防护和公众健康委员会手册《工作管理对职业照射之影响》专家工作组编]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7515 7515
本书具体阐述了工作管理的观念,详细介绍了在工作的全过程中如何实施工作管理,包括法规、工作管理政策、工作人员的参与、工作项目的筛选、计划及进度安排、工作准备、工作执行和工作评价与反馈。书中给出的大量实例研究介绍了商用核电站的实际经验。本书可以用于帮助电站经理、运行维修人员、计划准备人员和辐射防护人员改进工作管理的实施。通过实施工作管理可以导致减少完成一项工作所需的工作人员数目,减少在辐射控制区内的用工人时数,并因此减少工作的综合成本。而且还可以按ALARA原则实现职业照射的降低。]]>
Fri, 29 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Multi-Stage Validation of Control Room Designs and Modifications]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7466 7466 The scope of application of multi-scale validation addressed in the context of this report includes aspects related to both the human factors engineering of new nuclear power plant main control room designs and modifications to existing control room designs. The objective is to provide a common reference for future dialogue, research and development concerning the multi-stage validation approach, and ultimately to support the safe operation of nuclear power plants worldwide.]]> Tue, 26 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[Legal Frameworks for Long-Term Operation of Nuclear Power Reactors]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7504 7504
The aim of this report is to provide insights into the various laws, regulations and policies that contribute to different countries' approaches to LTO. By collecting information from more than 20 NEA member and non member countries, this report highlights both commonalities among approaches as well as possible reasons for variations. Ultimately, the information gathered can serve as a vital resource for future exchanges respecting the legal aspects of LTO, with a view to further development and strengthening of the collective understanding of these issues.]]>
Fri, 22 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[The Supply of Medical Radioisotopes]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7476 7476 Mon, 18 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0100 <![CDATA[Bulletin de droit nucléaire n°97 - Volume 1/2016]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7312 7312 juristes et aux universitaires en droit nucléaire. Ses lecteurs bénéficient d’informations exhaustives
qui font autorité sur les développements qui touchent ce droit. Publié gratuitement en ligne deux
fois par an, en anglais et en français, il propose des articles thématiques rédigés par des experts
juridiques renommés, rend compte du développement des législations à travers le monde et présente la
jurisprudence et les accords bilatéraux et multilatéraux pertinents ainsi que les activités réglementaires
des organisations internationales.
Ce numéro inclut notamment les articles suivants : « La responsabilité civile nucléaire en Allemagne » et
« Le processus de désarmement nucléaire : état des lieux du cadre juridique international ».]]>
Fri, 08 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Knowledge management in the context of an ageing workforce]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7513 7513 The best way to transfer knowledge to young people is to expose them to challenges through working on new projects, creating a continuity in the knowledge path.The management of critical knowledge concerns all sectors of the nuclear organisations (suppliers,
utilities, regulators and all levels of the nuclear workforce). There exists a need to maintain a critical mass of nuclear activities at the national level to retain knowledge without discontinuity.]]>
Thu, 07 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0100
<![CDATA[Insights from Leaders in Nuclear Energy - Leadership for Safety]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7491 7491 Tue, 01 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0200 <![CDATA[Preservation of Records, Knowledge and Memory (RK&M) Across Generations: Compiling a Set of Essential Records for a Radioactive Waste Repository]]> http://db.nea.fr/tools/publication?id=7423 7423 This report proposes and describes the concept of a Set of Essential Records (SER) as an important component of a RK&M preservation strategy. The SER is designed to be a compilation of actual records, selected because they would be required for future generations to understand the repository system and its performance, and to assist them in making informed decisions.
The guidance set forward in this document is complemented by appendices, illustrating an example procedure for the selection of records to form part of the SER.]]>
Tue, 24 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0200